Rio Grande/Bravo Extreme Heat and Human Health: NIHHIS Southwest Regional Pilot

 

Project Background

With hotter temperatures projected for the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo region, it has become imperative to develop more robust systems for dealing with the public health risks associated with extreme heat. Participants at the July 13, 2016 workshop identified physical and public health science, communication, and practice needs and gaps, in order to work on improving extreme heat monitoring and public health preparedness in the region. Working groups, initiated at the July workshop (“work streams”), have continued to work on filling these gaps, including contributing to a broad assessment of existing knowledge and capacity related to climate, weather, and public health in the region.

Executive Summary from the July 2016 Workshop:   English   Español

July 2016 Workshop - Full Report


Contacts

Gregg Garfin
University of Arizona, School of Natural Resources and the Environment
gmgarfin@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4372

Sarah LeRoy
University of Arizona, Institute of the Environment
sary21@email.arizona.edu, 520-626-4579


Work Streams

To participate in a work stream committee, please complete this form. The goals of each work stream are listed below.

  1. Historical climatology and vulnerability
    • Goal: Improve understanding of (a) the historical climatology of the region, with respect to extreme heat episodes, (b) the historic responses to previous occurrences of extreme heat and the efficacy of those responses, (c) the regional vulnerabilities to episodes of extreme heat, and (d) indicators that will be useful in providing early warning of extreme heat episodes.
  2. Linkages between heat parameters and health outcomes
    • Goal: Improve understanding of the connections and correlations between heat-related parameters and health consequences, in order to determine the most effective parameters to monitor for reducing heat-related morbidity and mortality.
  3. Prediction, outlooks, early warning
    • Goal: Improve understanding of the heat-health forecast products and services that can be made available to predict episodes of extreme heat, on multiple timescales, in order to provide advance warning to reduce heat-related morbidity and mortality.
  4. Communication/engagement and capacity building/training
    • Goal: Ensure the improved understanding, of heat waves and health impacts, is broadly accessible and well understood, so that it influences behavior and reduces morbidity and mortality.
  5. Infrastructure
    • Goal: Assess and improve the financial, institutional, and community capacity and training needed to effectively use early warning information and implement or enhance early warning capabilities, in order to reduce heat-related morbidity, and enhance resilience to extreme heat episodes. 

Resources

Amaya et al 2016, Community exposure to nighttime heat in a desert urban setting, El Paso, Texas http://technical.cloud-journals.com/index.php/IJARSG/article/view/Tech-560

Ebi 2007, Towards an Early Warning System for Heat Events http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13669870701447972

Grineski et al 2013, Double exposure and the climate gap: changing demographics and extreme heat in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico  http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13549839.2013.839644

Grineski et al 2012, Climate change and environmental injustice in a bi-national context  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622811000968

Harlan et al 2006, Neighborhood microclimates and vulnerability to heat stress http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S027795360600373X

Hondula et al 2015, Geographic dimensions of heat-related mortality http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935115000687

Kats and Glassbrook, Executive Summary: Transforming America’s Low Income Districts

Luber and McGeehin 2008, Climate change and extreme heat events http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379708006867

Minnesota Department of Health 2012. Extreme Heat Toolkit http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/climatechange/extremeheat.html#toolkit

Petitti et al. 2016, Trigger points for heat-health impacts http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/wp-content/uploads/124/2/ehp.1409119.alt.pdf

Sarofim et al. 2016, Temperature-related death and illness. Read online - https://health2016.globalchange.gov/temperature-related-death-and-illness

Screen quality download – https://s3.amazonaws.com/climatehealth2016/low/ClimateHealth2016_02_Temperature_small.pdf

Print quality download - https://s3.amazonaws.com/climatehealth2016/high/ClimateHealth2016_02_Temperature.pdf

Factsheet - https://s3.amazonaws.com/climatehealth2016/brochures/ClimateHealth2016_02_Temperature_factsheet.pdf

Toloo et al. 2013, Evaluating the effectiveness of heat warning systems: systematic review of epidemiological literature http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00038-013-0465-2

SW Extreme Heat Promising Practices


Kick-Off Workshop - July 13, 2016

Please refer to the workshop report at the top of this page for more information about the workshop

 

Presentations

 

Session 1: Welcome, Overview, Introductions

Gregg Garfin - Introduction

Session 2A: Climate Context and Public Health & Emergency Management Decision-making in the Southwest Region

Greg Lundeen - Climatology of heat waves

Grace Ortiz - Extreme Weather Task Force

David Hondula - Phoenix/Maricopa case study

Session 2B: NIHHIS, Heat-Health Early Warning, and NOAA's Climate Resilience Toolkit

Juli Trtanj - NOAA Climate Program Office

Session 3A: Heat-Health Capacity in the Region

Timothy Collins - Vulnerability Overview

Efren Matamoros - Institutional Capacity and Arrangements

Thomas Quinn - Emergency Preparedness, Coordination, and Communication

Carla Campbell - Capacity Building and Training

Session 4: Looking Ahead in Early Warning

Jeremy Hess - Key early warning issues and examples from other contexts (states, countries)

Melissa MacDonald - Example of Early Warning System

Matiana Ramírez - Examples from Mexico

Jon Gottschalck - Forecast capability for early warning